Without doubt the hardest kind of public speaking format to prepare for is speaking impromptu. This is quite simply because impromptu by definition means to speak without preparation of any kind. Although it is most feared by public speakers of all levels of experience, it is in fact the most common form of communication on earth today. People speak in impromptu settings every day of their lives. It is the core of conversation, the ability to speak with others without prior preparation of every phrase or idea that is uttered. Impromptu involves more than any other form of communication the ability to think on your feet, to respond to comments or questions that may be raised without the benefit of forethought. A very common format whereby you may be called upon to speak impromptu is fielding questions from an audience following a more formal type of presentation. How will you know what they will ask? What will you say in answer? There are some techniques that will allow you to prepare for such occasions requiring you to speak impromptu. Know your subject What questions or comments are likely to be raised in an impromptu setting? Having a good knowledge of your subject will enable you to be aware of the questions, objections or general comments that may well be raised in an impromptu setting. Make a list of such responses ahead of time. Imagine yourself facing an audience, having those issues fired at you. How will you answer? The secret to speaking without preparation is to prepare beforehand! Excerpt From: Mark Porter. “The Way With Words.” iBooks. This discussion is continued in detail in “The Way With Words”, by Mark Porter.